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ADB lends $400mn to support climate priorities in Bangladesh

Staff Reporter:

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) Friday (8 Dec) approved a $400 million policy-based loan to support the Government of Bangladesh in implementing its National Adaptation Plan, 2023–2050 and Nationally Determined Contributions 2021 Update to the Paris Agreement to achieve a climate-focused inclusive development.

Bangladesh is one of the world’s most vulnerable countries to the adverse impacts of climate change, recording an annual average loss of about $3 billion.

This loan is the first subprogram of the indicative $700 million Climate-Resilient Inclusive Development Programme, which will help Bangladesh strengthen its climate resilience, transition to a low-carbon economy, mitigate its greenhouse gas emissions, and mainstream gender equality and social inclusion in the government’s climate actions, reads a press release issued in Manila.

“Climate shocks have been severely disrupting Bangladesh’s growth and poverty alleviation. Financing needs for climate actions are astronomical. Bangladesh has strongly committed to tackling this challenge, and ADB, as the region’s climate bank, is ready to support Bangladesh in its efforts,” said ADB Principal Public Management Economist Aminur Rahman.

The programme will create an enabling institutional and policy environment to mobilise climate finance, prioritize climate actions in the country’s overall development agenda, and help the government implement reforms in climate-critical sectors, including agriculture, disaster management, transport and infrastructure, urban development, and energy.

The programme facilitated the creation of the National Committee for Environment and Climate Change headed by the Prime Minister for holistic implementation of the government’s climate priorities across ministries.

The programme will intensively support the government in operationalizing the Bangladesh Climate and Development Partnership launched recently at COP 28. The programme supports the mainstreaming of climate priorities in government planning and resource allocation, and the mobilization of climate finance through green bonds and sustainable finance policy.

At the sectoral level, the programme promotes climate-smart and climate-resilient agricultural practices, especially those that favour female farmers, adaptation of solar irrigation pumps, introduction of climate-resilient infrastructure design and planning, and regulatory framework for adaptation of electric vehicles and introduction of electric buses in the public transport fleet. ADB also helps promote climate-resilient city action plans and improved drainage systems for municipalities to reduce urban flooding.

In October 2021, ADB announced it is raising its ambition to deliver climate financing to its developing member countries to $100 billion from 2019 to 2030. This will expand access to new, climate-focused technologies and mobilize private capital toward climate finance.

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